Tuesday, 23 July 2019




Sunday, 21 July 2019






The "Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana" (KVPY) is a program started in 1999 by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India to encourage students who are studying Basic Sciences to take up research career in Science. The aim of the program is to identify and encourage talented and motivated students to pursue career in research.
This program aims to assist the students to realize their potential and to ensure that the best scientific talent is groomed for research and development in the country. Generous fellowship and contingency grant are provided to the selected KVPY Fellows up to the pre Ph.D. level or 5 years whichever is earlier. In addition, summer camps for the KVPY Fellows are organized in prestigious research and educational institutions in the country.
The Department of Science and Technology, the nodal agency of the Government has entrusted the overall responsibility for organizing and running the KVPY Program to the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and set up a Management Committee and a National Advisory Committee (NAC) for overseeing its implementation. A core committee looks after both the day-to-day and academic aspects of the KVPY Program.


The KVPY Fellowships are given to Indian Nationals only to Study in India (Students intending to pursue/pursing under graduate program under Distance Education scheme/correspondence course of any university are not eligible to apply).
Students enrolled in an undergraduate course in Basic Sciences, that is, B.Sc./B.S./B.Stat./B.Math./Int. M.Sc./M.S. in Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Statistics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Cell Biology, Ecology, Molecular Biology, Botany, Zoology, Physiology, Biotechnology, Neurosciences, Bioinformatics, Marine Biology, Geology, Human Biology, Genetics, Biomedical Sciences, Applied Physics, Geophysics, Materials Science or Environmental Science.
Stream SA: Students enrolled in XI Standard (Science Subjects) during the academic year 2016-17 and having secured a minimum of 80% (70% for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in MATHEMATICS and SCIENCE subjects in the X Standard Board examination. The fellowship of the students selected under this stream will be activated only if they join an undergraduate course in Basic Sciences (B.Sc./B.S./B.Stat./B.Math./Int. M.Sc./M.S.) in the academic year 2018-19 after having secured a minimum of  60% (50%for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in Science subjects in the XII standard/(+2) Board Examination. During the interim period of one year they will be invited for Regional /National (Vijyoshi) Science Camp and their travel and other related expenses will be met by KVPY.
Stream SX: Students enrolled in XII Standard/ (+2) (Science subjects) during the academic year 2016–17 and aspiring to join undergraduate program in Basic Sciences namely Physics/Chemistry/Mathematics & Biology leading to  B.Sc./B.S./B.Stat./B.Math./Int. M.Sc./M.S. for the session 2017–18 provided they have secured a minimum of 80% (70% for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in MATHEMATICS and SCIENCE subjects (Physics/Chemistry/Biology) in the X Standard Board Examination and a minimum of  60% (50% for SC/ST/PWD) marks in aggregate in SCIENCE subjects (Physics/Chemistry/Biology) in the XII standard Board Examination.


 Aptitude Test: After scrutiny of application forms and meeting the eligibility criteria for various streams, all eligible students will be called for  aptitude test conducted both in Hindi and English at different centers across the country on Sunday, th6th November 2016The details of the venue of the aptitude test for the eligible students and their seat number will be published in the KVPY website during the second week of October 2016.
  1. Admit Card Students  may download the admit card for the aptitude test from the website from the second week of October 2016.
  2. Interview: Based on the performance in the aptitude test, short-listed students will be asked to appear for an interview which is the final stage of the selection procedure. 


  • There are three steps to complete your application successfully;
  • Step  1.  Registration.
  • Step 2. Filling personal and academic details, choosing test centre and uploading photo, signature and other certificates as applicable.
  • Step 3.  Payment of application fees. Please note that you must pay the fees only at the KVPY application portal. This can be done either by using a credit card/ATM-Debit card/Net Banking or by downloading a Challan from the application portal. No other means of payment will be accepted.  Once payment is successful and application submitted no refund will be done.
  • It is strongly recommended that candidates read the instructions carefully before attempting to fill the online form.
  • https://kvrewarilibrary.blogspot.com/search?q=kvpy



All students studying in Class X in any type of recognized school including Kendriya Vidyalaya, Navodaya Vidyalaya, and Sainik School etc. will be eligible to appear at the State Level Examination from the State in which the school is located. However, no domicile restriction shall be imposed. The state may impose any other eligibility condition for appearing in the screening examination like any qualifying percentage of marks in the previous annual examination etc. Students registered under Open and Distance Learning (ODL) are also eligible for scholarship provided the students are below the age of 18 years (as on 1st July of that particular year) the students is not employed and they are appearing in class X for the first time. 

 How to apply The students studying in Class X in the country ought to be on the lookout for any advertisement in the newspapers or circulars in the school by the respective Government of their State/UT for the above said examination and act as per the requirement given in the State advertisement/circular. 

Any other information/query about the details of the state level examination may be had from Liaison Officers of the State/UT agencies, the addresses of which are given in the Appendix. The filled in application by the student be submitted to the State Liaison Officer duly signed by the Principal of the school before the due date as advertised/circulated by each concerned State/UT. 

Medium of Examination The medium of the test shall be as announced by the State/UT. 

 Fee State may impose any fee for examination and/or for application form. 

Examination State level examination may have two parts: Part-I Mental Ability Test (MAT) and PartII Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) for nominating the required number of candidates for the second level test to be conducted by the NCERT.

Wednesday, 17 July 2019

National Education Policy 2019

The National Policy on Education was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. Since then several changes have taken place that calls for a revision of the Policy. The Government of India would like to bring out a National Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement with regards to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry.
For the first time, the Government of India is embarking on a time-bound grassroots consultative process, which will enable the Ministry of HRD to reach out to individuals across the country through over 2.75 lakh direct consultations while also taking input from citizens online.

Preamble Vision Part I - School Education 1. Early Childhood Care and Education: The Foundation of Learning 2. Foundational Literacy and Numeracy 3. Reintegrating Dropouts and Ensuring Universal Access to Education 4. Curriculum and Pedagogy in Schools 4.1. A new curricular and pedagogical structure for school education 4.2. Holistic development of learners 4.3. Reduce curriculum content to enhance essential learning and critical thinking 4.4. Empower students through flexibility in course choices 4.5. Education in the local language/mother tongue; multilingualism and the power of language 4.6. Curricular integration of essential subjects and skills 4.7. National Curriculum Framework 4.8. National textbooks with local content and flavour 4.9. Transforming assessment for student development 4.10. Support of students with singular interests and talents 5. Teachers 5.1. Effective teacher recruitment and deployment 5.2. School environment and culture that is conducive to quality education 23 41 45 55 65 73 113 5.3. Continuous professional development 5.4. Career management 5.5. Approach to teacher education 6. Equitable and Inclusive Education 6.1. Upliftment of underrepresented groups in education 6.2. Education of girls as a cross-cutting theme 6.3. Education of children belonging to Scheduled Caste Communities and Other Backward Classes 6.4. Education of children from tribal communities 6.5. Education of children from educationally underrepresented groups within minority communities 6.6. Education of children from urban poor families 6.7. Education of transgender children 6.8. Education of children with special needs 7. Efficient Resourcing and Effective Governance through School Complexes 7.1. Ending the isolation of small schools through school complexes 7.2. Better resourcing of schools through school complexes 7.3. Fostering integrated education through school complexes 7.4. Improved support to teachers through school complexes 7.5. Administration and management of school complexes 7.6. Effective governance through school complexes 7.7. Effective governance and management of individual schools within school complexes 8. Regulation and Accreditation of School Education 8.1. System architecture and roles in school education system 8.2. Accreditation for autonomy with accountability 8.3. Regulation, accreditation, and oversight of private schools 137 157 177 8.4. Implications for the RTE Act 8.5. Assessment of functioning of the school education system 8.6. Protection of rights of the child and adolescent education Part II - Higher Education 9. Quality Universities and Colleges: A New and Forward Looking Vision for India’s Higher Education System 10. Institutional Restructuring and Consolidation 11. Towards a More Liberal Education 11.1. Liberal education to energise undergraduate programmes 11.2. Liberal education approach to energise graduate programmes 11.3. Enhancing professional education through a liberal education approach 11.4. Liberal education and research to foster and bolster each other 11.5. Programmes, degrees, and other certifications in higher education 12. Optimal Learning Environments and Support for Students 12.1. Innovative and responsive curriculum and pedagogy 12.2. Student support for learning and development 12.3. Open and distance learning: Curriculum and pedagogy for enhancing access and opportunities for life-long learning 12.4. Internationalisation of higher education 201 211 223 239 13. Energised, Engaged and Capable Faculty 13.1 Putting faculty back into the heart of higher education institutions 14. National Research Foundation 14.1. Establishing a new National Research Foundation 14.2. Funding research proposals through rigorous peer review 14.3. Building research capacity at all universities and colleges 14.4. Creating beneficial linkages among government, industry, and researchers 14.5. Recognising outstanding research funded by the National Research Foundation through awards and national seminars 15. Teacher Education 15.1. Restoring integrity to teacher education 15.2. Moving teacher education into multidisciplinary colleges and universities 15.3. Departments of Education in universities 15.4. Faculty for teacher education 15.5. Faculty in higher education 16. Professional Education 16.1. Undergraduate education 16.2. Capacity planning for professionals 16.3. Postgraduate education and research 16.4. Faculty 16.5. Governance, Regulation and Accreditation 16.6. Agriculture and allied disciplines 16.7. Legal Education 16.8. Healthcare Education 16.9. Technical Education 255 265 283 293 17. Empowered Governance and Effective Leadership for Higher Education Institutions 17.1. Empowered governance and effective leadership 18. Transforming the Regulatory System 18.1. Design and architecture of the regulatory system 18.2. Accreditation as the basis for regulation 18.3. Standard setting bodies 18.4. Role of other bodies 18.5. Establishing new higher education institutions 18.6. Common regulatory regime Part III - Additional Key Focus Areas 19. Technology in Education 19.1. Setting up of a new National Educational Technology Forum 19.2. Approach to the induction of technology 19.3. Teacher preparation and continuous professional development 19.4. Improving teaching, learning and evaluation processes 19.5. Enhancing educational access 19.6. Streamlining educational planning and management 19.7. Disruptive technologies 20. Vocational Education 20.1. Integrating vocational education into all schools, colleges and universities 20.2. Frameworks and standards 20.3. Vocational education in secondary school 20.4. Vocational education as an integral part of higher education 20.5. Vocational education for adults and youth 20.6. Areas of special focus 309 321 339 357 21. Adult Education 21.1. Developing a curriculum framework for adult education 21.2. Ensuring infrastructure and universal access 21.3. Training a cadre of adult education volunteers 21.4. Ensuring widespread participation in adult education 22. Promotion of Indian Languages Part IV - Transforming Education 23. Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog Addendum - Making It Happen A1 Financing A1.1. Education - perhaps the best investment for a society A1.2. Inadequate investment and other financial issues A1.3. Policy for higher investment to improve quality and equity of education A1.4. Where will the additional resources be required? A1.5. One time expenditure A2 Way Forward A2.1. Policy implementation A2.2. Principles to guide implementation of National Education Policy 2019 A2. 3. Approach to road map for implementation: Key actions led by various bodies A2.4. Conclusion 373 385 391 399 422 Appendices: Part 1 Appendix I: Drafting Committee for Draft National Education Policy Appendix II: Peer Reviewers of the Draft National Education Policy Appendix III: Secretariat to the Committee for Draft National Education Policy Appendix IV: Technical Secretariat to the Committee for Draft National Education Policy Appendix V: Consultation Process: A Walkthrough Appendix VI: Meetings of the Committee for Draft National Education Policy Appendix VII: Details of Consultations by the Committee for Draft National Education Policy (July 2017 onwards) Appendix VIII: Acknowledgements Appendices: Part 2 Appendix IX: Order of Constitution of the Committee, 24.06.2017 up to 31.12.2017 Appendix X: Extension of Tenure of the Committee up to 31.03.2018. Appendix XI: Extension of Tenure of the Committee up to 30.06.2018. Appendix XII: Extension of Tenure of the Committee up to 31.08.2018. Appendix XIII: Extension of Tenure of the Committee up to 31.10.2018. Appendix XIV: Extension of Tenure of the Committee up to 15.12.2018

Committee Report Summary Draft National Education Policy 2019 

Gayatri Mann gayatri@prsindia.org Anurag Vaishnav anurag@prsindia.org June 7, 2019 PRS Legislative Research  Institute for Policy Research Studies 3 rd Floor, Gandharva Mahavidyalaya  212, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg  New Delhi – 110002 Tel: (011) 43434035-36

 www.prsindia.org

Committee Report Summary Draft National Education Policy 2019 

 The Committee for Draft National Education Policy (Chair: Dr. K. Kasturirangan) submitted its report on May 31, 2019. The Committee was constituted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in June 2017. The report proposes an education policy, which seeks to address the challenges of: (i) access, (ii) equity, (iii) quality, (iv) affordability, and (v) accountability faced by the current education system.  The draft Policy provides for reforms at all levels of education from school to higher education. It seeks to increase the focus on early childhood care, reform the current exam system, strengthen teacher training, and restructure the education regulatory framework. It also seeks to set up a National Education Commission, increase public investment in education, strengthen the use of technology and increase focus on vocational and adult education, among others. Key observations and recommendations of the draft Policy include: School Education  Early Childhood Care and Education: In addition to problems of access, the Committee observed several quality related deficiencies in the existing early childhood learning programmes. These include: (i) curriculum that doesn’t meet the developmental needs of children, (ii) lack of qualified and trained teachers, and (iii) substandard pedagogy. Currently, most early childhood education is delivered through anganwadis and privatepreschools. However, there has been less focus on the educational aspects of early childhood. Hence, the draft Policy recommends developing a two-part curriculum for early childhood care and education. This will consist of: (i) guidelines for up to threeyear-old children (for parents and teachers), and (ii) educational framework for three to eight-year-old children. This would be implemented by improving and expanding the anganwadi system and co-locating anganwadis with primary schools.  The Right to Education Act, 2009 (RTE Act): Currently, the RTE Act provides for free and compulsory education to all children from the age of six to 14 years. The draft Policy recommends extending the ambit of the RTE Act to include early childhood education and secondary school education. This would extend the coverage of the Act to all children between the ages of three to 18 years.  In addition, the draft Policy recommends that the recent amendments to the RTE Act on continuous and comprehensive evaluation and the no detention policy must be reviewed. It states that there should be no detention of children till class eight. Instead, schools must ensure that children are achieving ageappropriate learning levels.  Curriculum framework: The current structure of school education must be restructured on the basis of the development needs of students. This would consist of a 5-3-3-4 design comprising: (i) five years of foundational stage (three years of pre-primary school and classes one and two), (ii) three years of preparatory stage (classes three to five), (iii) three years of middle stage (classes six to eight), and (iv) four years of secondary stage (classes nine to 12).  The Committee noted that the current education system solely focuses on rote learning of facts and procedures. Hence, it recommends that the curriculum load in each subject should be reduced to its essential core content. This would make space for holistic, discussion and analysis-based learning.  School exam reforms: The Committee noted that the current board examinations: (i) force students to concentrate only on a few subjects, (ii) do not test learning in a formative manner, and (iii) cause stress among students. To track students’ progress throughout their school experience, the draft Policy proposes State Census Examinations in classes three, five and eight. Further, it recommends restructuring the board examinations to test only core concepts, skills and higher order capacities. These board examinations will be on a range of subjects. The students can choose their subjects, and the semester when they want to take these board exams. The inschool final examinations may be replaced by these board examinations.  School infrastructure: The Committee noted that establishing primary schools in every habitation across the country has helped increase access to education. However, it has led to the development of very small schools (having low number of students). The small size of schools makes it operationally complex to deploy teachers and critical physical resources. Therefore, the draft Policy recommends that multiple public schools should be brought together to form a school complex. A complex will consist of one secondary school (classes nine to twelve) and all the public schools in its neighbourhood that offer education from pre-primary till class eight.  The school complexes will also include anganwadis, vocational education facilities, and an adult education centre. Each school complex will be a semiautonomous unit providing integrated education across all stages from early childhood to secondary education. This will ensure that resources such as 2 infrastructure and trained teachers can be efficiently shared across a school complex.  Teacher management: The Committee noted that there has been a steep rise in teacher shortage, lack of professionally qualified teachers, and deployment of teachers for non-educational purposes. The draft Policy recommends that teachers should be deployed with a particular school complex for at least five to seven years. Further, teachers will not be allowed to participate in any non-teaching activities (such as cooking mid-day meals or participating in vaccination campaigns) during school hours that could affect their teaching capacities.  For teacher training, the existing B.Ed. programme will be replaced by a four-year integrated B.Ed. programme that combines high-quality content, pedagogy, and practical training. An integrated continuous professional development will also be developed for all subjects. Teachers will be required to complete a minimum of 50 hours of continuous professional development training every year.  Regulation of schools: The draft Policy recommends separating the regulation of schools from aspects such as policymaking, school operations, and academic development. It suggests creating an independent State School Regulatory Authority for each state that will prescribe basic uniform standards for public and private schools. The Department of Education of the State will formulate policy and conduct monitoring and supervision. Higher Education  According to the All India Survey on Higher Education, the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education in India has increased from 20.8% in 2011-12 to 25.8% in 2017-18. Table 1: GER comparison across countries (2014) Primary (Class 1- 5) Upper Primary (Class 6- 8) Upper Secondary (Class 9- 12) Higher Education India 101.4 89.3 62.5 23 China 103.9 100.4 88.8 39.4 USA 99.5 101.9 93.2 86.7 Germany 103.3 101.6 104.6 65.5 Source: Educational Statistics at Glance (2016), MHRD; PRS.  The Committee identified lack of access as a major reason behind low intake of higher education in the country. It aims to increase GER to 50% by 2035 from the current level of about 25.8%. Key recommendations in this regard include:  Regulatory structure and accreditation: The Committee noted that the current higher education system has multiple regulators with overlapping mandates. This reduces the autonomy of higher educational institutions and creates an environment of dependency and centralised decision making. Therefore, it proposes setting up the National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA). This independent authority would replace the existing individual regulators in higher education, including professional and vocational education. This implies that the role of all professional councils such as AICTE and the Bar Council of India would be limited to setting standards for professional practice. The role of the University Grants Commission (UGC) will be limited to providing grants to higher educational institutions.  Currently, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an accreditation body under the UGC. The draft Policy recommends separating NAAC from the UGC into an independent and autonomous body. In its new role, NAAC will function as the top level accreditor, and will issue licenses to different accreditation institutions, who will assess higher educational institutions once every five to seven years. All existing higher education institutions should be accredited by 2030.  Establishment of new higher educational institutions: Currently, higher educational institutions can only be set up by Parliament or state legislatures. The draft Policy proposes that these institutions could be allowed to be set up through a Higher Education Institution Charter from NHERA. This Charter will be awarded on the basis of transparent assessment of certain specified criteria. All such newly constituted higher educational institutions must receive accreditation as mandated by NHERA within five years of being established.  Restructuring of higher education institutions: Higher education institutions will be restructured into three types: (i) research universities focusing equally on research and teaching; (ii) teaching universities focusing primarily on teaching; and (iii) colleges focusing only on teaching at undergraduate levels. All such institutions will gradually move towards full autonomy - academic, administrative, and financial.  Establishing a National Research Foundation: The Committee observed that the total investment on research and innovation in India has declined from 0.84% of GDP in 2008 to 0.69% in 2014. India also lags behind many nations in number of researchers (per lakh population), patents and publications. Table 2: Investment on Research and Innovation Spending on research and innovation (% GDP) Researchers (per lakh population) Total Patent Applications India 0.7 15 45,057 China 2.1 111 13,38,503 USA 2.8 423 605,571 Israel 4.3 825 6,419 Source: Economic Survey of India 2017-18; PRS  The draft Policy recommends establishing a National Research Foundation, an autonomous body, for funding, mentoring and building the capacity for 3 quality research in India. The Foundation will consist of four major divisions: sciences, technology, social sciences, and arts and humanities, with the provision to add additional divisions. The Foundation will be provided with an annual grant of Rs 20,000 crore (0.1% of GDP).  Moving towards a liberal approach: The draft Policy recommends making undergraduate programmes interdisciplinary by redesigning their curriculum to include: (a) a common core curriculum and (b) one/two area(s) of specialisation. Students will be required to choose an area of specialisation as ‘major’, and an optional area as ‘minor’. Four-year undergraduate programmes in Liberal Arts will be introduced and multiple exit options with appropriate certification will be made available to students. Further, within the next five years, five Indian Institute of Liberal Arts must be setup as model multidisciplinary liberal arts institutions.  Professional development of faculty: The Committee observed that poor service conditions and heavy teaching loads at higher education institutions have resulted in low faculty motivation. Further, lack of autonomy and no clear career progression system are also major impediments to faculty motivation. The draft Policy recommends development of a Continuous Professional Development programme and introduction of a permanent employment (tenure) track system for faculty in all higher education institutions by 2030. Further, a desirable studentteacher ratio of not more than 30:1 must be ensured.  Optimal learning environment: The Committee observed that the curricula remain rigid, narrow, and archaic. Moreover, the faculty often lacks the autonomy to design curricula, which negatively impacts pedagogy. It recommends that all higher education institutions must have complete autonomy on curricular, pedagogical and resource-related matters. Education Governance  The Committee observed that there is a need to revisit the existing system of governance in education, and bring in synergy and coordination among the different ministries, departments and agencies. In this context, it recommends:  Creation of a National Education Commission or Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog, as an apex body for education, to be headed by the Prime Minister. This body will be responsible for developing, implementing, evaluating, and revising the vision of education in the country on a continuous and sustained basis. It will oversee the implementation and functioning of several bodies including the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), the proposed National Higher Education Regulatory Authority, and National Research Foundation.  The Ministry of Human Resources and Development must be renamed as the Ministry of Education in order to bring focus back on education. Financing Education  The Draft Policy reaffirmed the commitment of spending 6% of GDP as public investment in education. Note that the first National Education Policy (NEP) 1968 had recommended public expenditure in education must be 6% of GDP, which was reiterated by the second NEP in 1986. In 2017- 18, public expenditure on education in India was 2.7% of GDP. Table 3: Total Public Investment in Education Country Investment in 2017 (as % of GDP) India 2.7 USA 5 UK 5.5 Brazil 6  The draft Policy seeks to double the public investment in education from the current 10% of total public expenditure to 20% in the next 10 years. Of the additional 10% expenditure, 5% will be utilised for universities and colleges (higher education), 2% will be utilised for additional teacher costs or resources in school education and 1.4% will be utilised for early childhood care and education.  The Committee also observed operational problems and leakages in disbursement of funds. For instance, it observed that District Institutes of Education and Training have about 45% vacancies which have led to their allocations not being used or being used ineffectively. It recommends optimal and timely utilisation of funds through the institutional development plans. Technology in Education  The Committee observed that technology plays an important role in: (a) improving the classroom process of teaching, learning and evaluation, (b) aiding in preparation of teachers and continuous professional development of teachers, (c) improving access to education in remote areas and for disadvantaged groups, and (d) improving the overall planning, administration and management of the entire education system. It recommends focused electrification of all educational institutions as electricity is a pre-requisite for all technology-based interventions. Further, it recommends:  National Mission on Education through information and communication technology: The Mission will encompass virtual laboratories that provide remote access to laboratories in various disciplines. A National Education Technology Forum will also be setup under the Mission, as an autonomous body, to facilitate decision making on the 4 induction, deployment and use of technology. This Forum will provide evidence-based advice to central and state-governments on technology-based interventions.  National Repository on Educational Data: A National Repository will be setup to maintain all records related to institutions, teachers, and students in digital form. Further, a single online digital repository will be created where copyright-free educational resources will be made available in multiple languages. Vocational Education  The Committee observed that less than 5% of the workforce in the age-group of 19-24 receives vocational education in India. This is in contrast to 52% in the USA, 75% in Germany and 96% in South Korea. It recommends integrating vocational educational programmes in all educational institutions (schools, colleges and universities) in a phased manner over a period of 10 years. Note that this is an upward revision from the National Policy on Skills Development and Entrepreneurship (2015) which aimed at offering vocational education in 25% of educational institutions. Key recommendations in this regard include:  Vocational courses: All school students must receive vocational education in at least one vocation in grades nine to 12. The proposed school complexes must build expertise in curriculum delivery that is aligned to the competency levels under the existing National Skills Qualifications Framework.  The proposed Higher Education Institutions must also offer vocational courses that are integrated into the undergraduate education programmes. The draft Policy targets to offer vocational education to up to 50% of the total enrolment in higher education institutions by 2025, up from the present level of enrolment of well below 10% in these institutions.  National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education: The Committee will be set up to work out the steps that need to be taken towards achieving the above goals. A separate fund will be setup for the integration of vocational education into educational institutions. The Committee will work out the modalities for the disbursement of these funds. Adult Education  As per Census 2011, India still had over 3.26 crore youth non-literates (15-24 years of age) and a total of 26.5 crore adult non-literates (15 years and above). In this regard, the draft Policy recommends:  Establishing an autonomous Central Institute of Adult Education, as a constituent unit of NCERT, which will develop a National Curriculum Framework for adult education. The Framework will cover five broad areas: foundational literacy and numeracy, critical life skills vocational skills development, basic education, and continuing education.  Adult Education Centres will be included within the proposed school complexes. Relevant courses for youth and adults will be made available at the National Institute of Open Schooling. A cadre of adult education instructors and managers, as well as a team of one-on-one tutors will be created through a newly-established National Adult Tutors Programme. Education and Indian Languages  The Committee observed that a large number of students are falling behind since classes in schools are being conducted in a language that they do not understand. Therefore, it recommended that the medium of instruction must either be the home language/mother tongue/local language till grade five, and preferable till grade eight, wherever possible.  Introduced by the first National Education Policy, the three-language formula stated that state governments should adopt and implement study of a modern Indian language, preferably one of the southern languages, apart from Hindi and English in the Hindi-speaking states, and of Hindi along with the regional language and English in the non-Hindi speaking states. The draft Policy recommended that this three language formula be continued and flexibility in the implementation of the formula should be provided.  The Committee remarked that the implementation of the formula needs to be strengthened, particularly in Hindi-speaking states. Further, schools in Hindi speaking areas should also teach Indian languages from other parts of India for the purpose of national integration. To provide flexibility in the choice of language, students who wish to change one or more of their three languages may do so in grade six or grade seven, subjected to the condition that they are still able to demonstrate proficiency in three languages in their modular board examinations.  To promote Indian languages, a National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit will be set up. All higher education institutes must recruit high quality faculty for at least three Indian languages, in addition to the local Indian language. Further, the mandate of the Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology will be expanded to include all fields and disciplines to strengthen vocabulary in Indian languages. DISCLAIMER: This document is being furnished to you for your information. You may choose to reproduce or redistribute this report for non-commercial purposes in part or in full to any other person with due acknowledgement of PRS Legislative Research (“PRS”). The opinions expressed herein are entirely those of the author(s). PRS makes every effort to use reliable and comprehensive information, but PRS does not represent that the contents of the report are accurate or complete. PRS is an independent, not-for-profit group. This document has been prepared without regard to the objectives or opinions of those who may receive it.


Friday, 5 July 2019

Budget 2019 Highlights

 Tax on super-rich; EVs, affordable housing get big push 

After a pre-election, populist Budget in February 2019, the Modi government today presented the Union Budget to boost infrastructure and foreign investment at a time when the economy is showing signs of slowdown. Taking a pragmatic approach, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman today announced no changes in personal income tax rates but levied additional surcharge on the super rich. She also sought to spur growth with reduction in corporate tax and sops to housing sector, startups and electric vehicles.

Among key announcements, Sitharaman said that digital payments will get cheaper, govt will launch an ATM-like One Nation One Card for pan-India travel and new model rental laws will be unveiled to boost affordable housing. 

Tuesday, 2 July 2019

Holidays till 07 July 2019

Due to severe heat 
in the region 
School will remain closed 
for Students 
07 July 2019.

Wednesday, 19 June 2019


FROM 19 JUNE 2019 TO 18 JULY 2019

30,688,177 ITEMS HOSTED ON NDL :link below



Remaining students of classes IV to X & XII  who could not subscribe TIE and New Students of Class XI A B C may subscribe to Tribune In Education through the class teachers by submitting Rs. 200.00.News paper may start from 1st July 2019. Subscribe

ASSEMBLY.:Class on duty



Calendar Of Thoughts VIII AB

1st Yashika viii b

2nd Lakshya & Bhawesh

3rd Dikshita & Sisikha

Class Magazine Class IX AB

Digital Magazine: X AB



Reading is most important life skill:

Ian Cowley, managing director of cartridgesave.co.uk -

“Developing reading skills as early as possible is vital. Even in this age of emojis and Alexa, mastering the written word gives you a foundation to ensure you are equipped to tackle life. That is why it’s just wrong that there are still so many children living without books. We wanted to do something to change that in an area where book poverty is seriously impacting on people’s lives.